It is critical to water crops in the field daily. The faucet water supply can be used as a useful feature, but, this is not the best route to take. If you’re looking for the best options, we’ve included different types of irrigation pumps. Many irrigation pumps now come in solar options that save energy and make set up much faster.

Types of Irrigation Pumps

Centrifugal Pumps

Centrifugal pumps are often used for residential watering. They pull fresh water from a city’s water supply to a stream and produce stable flow velocity under a variety of situations.  They transfer water by sucking it in via a quickly rotating impeller but they must be primed before they can work.

Whenever a centrifugal pump is activated, it should have a wet input, which means there has to be water in both the casing and the intake pipe. If the intake pipe is full of air, they won’t be able to pull water up into it. Start filling the intake line with water and turn on the pump fast to prime it. After being primed the very first time, many centrifugal pumps will trap water in the intake to allow them to hold their prime throughout usage. There are some centrifugal pumps available that are self-priming. These types are common in transportable pumps for brief usage.

Here’s an explanation how they work:

Submersible Pump

Submersible pumps are employed for pressure-enhancing purposes. They function underwater and force water up from within a well. These types make up for their lack of variety with effectiveness. Submersible pumps don’t need priming and operate without noise.

This sort of pump does not need priming because it is already submerged. They are also more power-saving since they merely push water and do not need water to be sucked into it. If a submersible pump is not placed in a well, it should be placed in a specific sleeve. To maintain the pump motor cool, the sleeve pushes water entering the pump to pass over the area of the motor. The pump may overheat if you don’t use a sleeve. Because the power cord passes through the water to reach the pump, it is critical that it’s protected.

Jet Pump

Jet Pumps are land-based pumps with submersible elements. They’re excellent for situations with changing water levels. Agriculture watering contributes to 70% of global water use and more than 40% in several OECD nations. A jet pump creates water-lifting by guiding water down an inlet. This type of pump does not need priming.

This pump is a combination of a centrifugal pump combined with a jet mechanism. It enhances the pump’s ability to move water from a water depth below the engine. Jet pumps are excellent at pulling water, but their flow capacity is often lesser than what is required for many other sprinkler systems, especially when taking care of the lawn.

This isn’t exactly a bad feature. For Florida and other locations with shallow groundwater, these are exactly what you need. It’s also great when you need to pump from a stream or pond where the water level frequently changes.

Propeller Pump

They transport enormous quantities of water at lower pressures by spinning a propeller. Propeller pumps are the tiniest watering pumps available.

This type of pump can be mounted either way. You can mount them vertically, or horizontally.  Some can mount them even if it’s inclined. The engine is placed above the water level while the impeller beneath. Propeller pumps are utilized in industries such as water purification, chemical plants, and the agricultural sector. They have numerous benefits over other typical pump models.

Bottom Line

Crops and fruits must be cared for in order to thrive. The type of irrigation system you will employ to irrigate your plants is one of the factors to consider. Plants require water to survive, which is why a well-designed irrigation system helps them grow.